World Countries: Guatemala
Located on the Central American isthmus, Guatemala is bordered by Mexico on the west and north, by Belize, Honduras and El Salvador on the east, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also has a short Caribbean Sea coastline on the east.
Guatemala is home to tropical rainforests in the north with a high range of volcanic mountains across the central regions.
The climate is milder on the plateau, hot, humid, tropical conditions prevail in the north and coastal regions.
The flag of Guatemala, pictured above, features
Republic of Guatemala
July 2011 Estimate: 13,824,463
Guatemala was declared an independent republic in 1838.
Modern Guatemalans are descended mainly from Mayan peoples.
Source: 1. CIA World Factbook